Monday, April 14, 2014

The Romance of Tristan

The Romance of Tristan, by Beroul

Beroul's Romance of Tristan is a very early version composed around the middle of the 12th century in French verse.  We only have part of it; the extant fragment starts well into Tristan and Yseut's affair and breaks off just before the episode of their deaths.  My translation is in prose and includes summaries of the action before and after the fragment.

Everybody knows the story of Tristan and Yseut, right, so I'm just going to talk about what interested me about this version.  Beroul is very careful to note that the potion is to blame for their irresistible passion for one another.  This potion is efficacious for exactly 3 years to the minute, and as soon as it wears off, they end their affair.  The whole time it's going on, Yseut employs tricks to convince her husband that she is faithful to him--which she is not--and yet this is considered completely justified.  I can't quite tell if it's supposed to be justified because it's all the potion's fault and therefore not "real," or if Yseut is supposed to be really sort of married to Tristan, since he was her first love.  Maybe both.  Later on, they renew their affair and that too is considered justified, so I think it might be both.

Other versions are longer and more elaborate, and I will probably read one later in the year.  I have the prose Romance of Tristan and Gottfried von Strassburg's German Tristan, so there's plenty to chew on.  Right now I'm enjoying The Quest of the Holy Grail, which is fantastic, and after that I have the German Parzifal, which I'm quite excited about.  Oh!  And over the weekend, I picked up a library discard of the 2-volume Everyman edition of Malory to replace my awful old paperback with its small, blobby type.  The library binding is quite hideous but will last forever.  I got the York Cycle of Mystery Plays too!

4 comments:

Jenny @ Reading the End said...

I didn't realize that Tristan and Isolde's initial love was potion-generated. Plainly I need to revisit the Arthurian legends. :/

Jean said...

Yup, absolutely a potion. It's the old "Mom gives daughter potion to ensure marital happiness, but servant accidentally gives it to the wrong people" gambit!

Amateur Reader (Tom) said...

Is this the version of the Tristan story with the robot? Or is that the Gottfried von Strassburg? Or am I just making this up?

I suppose I do have access to the internet. It's the Thomas of Britain version, so I was completely wrong yet not making it up. Love robot in the love cave. These old stories are strange.

Jean said...

Luckily, the Thomas of Britain story was the source for Gottfried von Strassburg, and both are in my book. So I will be able to read about the robot and report back on it.